CNA Jobs in DC
The District of Columbia, also known as Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States of America, is a federal district and as such has no state sovereignty, but it does elect a nonvoting representative to Congress. In 1790, an act of the U.S. Congress established a 100-square-mile (260-square-km) district to serve as the permanent seat of the U.S. federal government, thereby freeing the city of Philadelphia from its role as the temporary national capital and leaving that honor to be shared by New York City and then the new planned city of Washington itself (see Residence Act).
The area was previously a part of Maryland and Virginia. In 1791, a three-member board of commissioners was appointed to govern the District. This system existed until 1871 when President Ulysses S. Grant created a single commissioner and put him in charge of all government services within the District. This office evolved into the modern mayor–commissioner form of local government and survived until 1967 when President Lyndon B. Johnson created the present District of Columbia Home Rule Act, which devolved many powers to an elected mayor and City Council.
The city is governed by a mayor–commissioner system that often has convoluted boundaries. The city generally consists of five geographic areas: Northwest (NW), Northeast (NE), Southeast (SE), Southwest (SW), and the central city. The first three are divided by major traffic arteries, which often tangle in complicated ways.
The District of Columbia is not a state, but it has its own flag, based on George Washington’s coat of arms, with three red stars above two horizontal red bars on a white background. Under the Home Rule Act, which established the present city government in 1973, Washingtonians may elect a mayor and a 13-member council.
Washington is an important commercial and industrial center and leading port of entry for the U.S., with extensive international trade. The city has three airports: National (closest to downtown), Dulles International (in Virginia) and Baltimore/Washington International-Thurgood Marshall, the latter two of which are in Maryland. The city’s main seaport is Baltimore.