LPN Jobs in NJ
New Jersey is one of the original 13 states, it is bounded by New York to the north and northeast, the Atlantic Ocean to the east and south, and Delaware and Pennsylvania to the west. The state was named for the island of Jersey on the English Channel. The capital is Trenton. Although it has a major social, economic, and political force in its own right, New Jersey is sometimes looked upon as a stepchild among the heavily industrialized and populated states along the Eastern Seaboard. New Jersey is one of the smallest states in area, but it is highly urbanized and has one of the country’s highest population densities.
New Jersey has three major geographic regions. The Atlantic Coastal Plain in the east, Piedmont in the central region, and the New Jersey Highlands in the northwest.
The Atlantic Coastal Plain makes up one-third of New Jersey’s land area, but only about 3% of its total area is water. The Atlantic Coastal Plain is narrow around New York City but then it stretches out to about 40 miles wide in southern New Jersey. It is low lying, flat and marshy around the coast but hilly inland with sandy soil. The area includes large areas of alluvial swamps (Vineland Hills, Nesco Forest). To the east are long, narrow barrier islands separated from the mainland by lagoons or estuaries. Between the barrier islands and the mainland is a string of sandy, swampy islands called “mud flats” because they are too soft to support most structures. Along the coast, there is a high concentration of summer homes with beautiful beaches as well as businesses catering to tourism. Inland from the coast, along the major rivers, are fertile coastal plains. The largest of these is the Maurice River Bluffs area in Cumberland County.
The Piedmont region is high, rolling land with an average elevation between 300 and 800 feet above sea level. The soil here is rich but thin. This region includes parts of Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, Somerset, and Union counties. The area contains numerous small farms and estates. It is an old, settled region with towns having 20th- century suburban housing developments nearby.
The New Jersey Highlands Region (or the Highlands) makes up one-third of the state’s land area and is home to about 14% of the population; it includes over 100 municipalities. This region is called the “Blue Hills” because of its blue-green color when seen from a distance in autumn. The Highlands are higher and steeper than Piedmont with elevations between 800 feet to 1,260 feet above sea level. Broad river valleys break up the area into small communities separated by hills and mountains. There are a few exceptions, however, such as the large area of flat land in the central part of Sussex County. The magnificent Kittatinny Mountains run from Pennsylvania across Warren and Hunterdon counties. In a clean air country, one can see 50 miles from some peaks on a clear day. Kincaid Lake is New Jersey’s largest natural lake.