LPN Jobs in PA
Pennsylvania, officially Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is one of the original 13 American colonies. The state is approximately rectangular and stretches about 300 miles (480 km) from east to west and 150 miles (240 km) from north to south. It is bounded to the north by Lake Erie and New York state; to the east by New York and New Jersey; to the south by Delaware, Maryland, and West Virginia; and to the west by the panhandle of West Virginia and by Ohio. Harrisburg, nestled in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains, is the capital. Pennsylvania is classified as a Middle Atlantic state.
The name Pennsylvania comes from William Penn’s Latin description of the state, which means “Penn’s woods”. The original name was Pennsylvania Colony.
The first Pennsylvania census conducted after William Penn established the colony in 1682 showed a population of 4,240 with the following ethnic composition: 2,719 English (41%), 1,681 Irish (27%), 913 Germans (15%), 406 Welsh (6%), 219 Swedish (3%) and 275 “other” (4%).
Pennsylvania’s first industries were fishing, lumbering, farming, manufacturing weapons for the French and Indian Wars. The first European settlers were mostly ethnic Palatine Germans who established small farms. Most of them immigrated to America following the devastating wars of King Louis XIV in the region of present-day southwest Germany. Many of them came from Switzerland, particularly the Canton of Bern after 1640.
Pennsylvania’s second largest group of early settlers were English Quakers followed by large numbers of German Lutherans and other Protestant groups, many nonconformists or dissenters. While most people in Pennsylvania are aware of the state’s early German roots, few realize that by 1800 Pennsylvania had become the second most populous state in the Union. Only Virginia was larger.