LPN Jobs in LA
Louisiana is bordered by neighboring states—Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, and Texas to the west—natural and artificial. The Gulf of Mexico is in the south.
The total area of Louisiana includes approximately 4,600 square miles (12,000 square kilometers) of inland waters. The capital is Baton Rouge. Louisiana joined the Union as the 18th state in 1812 and governs a once-strategic area where the waters of the Mississippi-Missouri river system drain the interior of North America and merge into a warm, curved crescent north of the Gulf of Mexico.
Not surprisingly, seven flags have flown on its territory since 1682, when explorer René-Robert Cavelier Sir Sieur (Lord) de la Salle put a wooden cross was pushed into the ground and represented the French Louis XIV’s occupation of the territory. The resulting diverse cultural heritage permeates many aspects of the country’s social, political, and artistic life with bright threads. Parts of Louisiana are further south than any part of the continental United States, due in large part to its complex nature and geography.
The state’s subtropical climate offers magnificent and treacherous scenery along the coast, whose lush wet vegetation hides a wealth of oil and natural gas. The fertile soil that covered much of the land made Louisiana a fertile agricultural region in the 1860s, with thriving sugarcane and cotton plantations. There was a lumber boom in the early 20th century, and Louisiana experienced rapid industrialization after World War II. Mining production is high and the state is the national leader in oil and gas production.
But progress has not been without a tragic and turbulent side: bitter territorial disputes and fierce internal political struggles for power hindered the country’s socio-economic development and paralyzed many political institutions. The wealth of the plantation was amassed through the extensive use of slaves, whose descendants made up nearly a third of Louisiana’s population and whose culture contributed greatly to the social fabric of the state. The racial conflict marked the country’s development from the American Civil War (1861-1865) and from Reconstruction (1865-1877) to the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. However, the guarantee of suffrage (under the Voting Rights Act ) and the growing political participation of African Americans helped move the state towards a more racially equal society.
Since the 1960s, the state’s economy, closely tied to the volatile oil industry, has experienced slower economic growth and less diversification than many other southern states. The recent surge in public policy corruption and crime in the New Orleans area has cast a shadow over the city’s colorful image. While many still value the state’s rich cultural heritage, tourism plummeted after Hurricane Katrina devastated parts of the Gulf Coast, including New Orleans and the rest of Louisiana, in August 2005, hurting both businesses and residents.