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Oregon is located in the western United States. It was originally home to many Native American tribes, most notably the Chinooks and Nez Perce.
The first Europeans to arrive in Oregon were Spanish explorers, led by Captains Bruno de Heceta and Francisco de Eliza, looking for a waterway from California to Asia. Instead, they found a land rich in natural resources, the country of Oregon, which they declared to be Spain. Later, British and American traders looked for furs.
The Hudson’s Bay Company established trading posts at Fort Vancouver (built in 1825) and the mouth of the Willamette River on the Columbia River; however, its control was questioned by American colonists. In 1843, the company’s main manufacturer of Fort Vancouver, Dr. John McLaughlin, built a new fort on the Lower River in southern Oregon and named it “Fort Orford.”
In 1846, a group of pioneers led by Marcus Whitman established a mission near what is now Walla Walla, Washington. Among them was New York physician Dr. Marcus Whitman, who traveled west with the Reverend Henry Spaulding in 1835 to establish what became the Whitman Mission in Oregon among the Cayus Indians. Whitman’s group moved east until they were stopped by bad weather.
They spent the winter at Fort Hall, built in 1834 by Nathaniel J. Wyeth’s American Fur Company. That winter, Dr. Whitman met two young native sisters, Narcissa and Eliza Spaulding, who had recently lost their father and husband. None of the women spoke English, but they were especially excited to meet someone they could communicate with.
In the spring of 1837, the Whitmans moved to what is now Walla Walla, Washington. During the same year, a group of nearly 100 American settlers from Peoria, Illinois, and other locations along the Ohio River traveled overland to settle in the Oregon Country.
Top RN Schools
1. University of Portland, Portland
The University of Portland School of Nursing focuses on fulfilling the need for highly trained professionals who can promote health and wellness in primary, ambulatory care and outpatient settings. The nursing school, which was founded in 1892 as a program to train staff at Good Samaritan Hospital, became affiliated with the University of Portland in 1934. The University of Portland is a Roman Catholic school that uses the Integrative Health Approach as its model for nursing education; this model addresses the full range of physical, mental, social and spiritual factors that play such prominent roles in a patient’s basic health status. At the University of Portland School of Nursing, you’ll learn how to support communities as well as individuals and their families in the quest for optimal well-being.
2. Oregon Health & Science University, Portland
Oregon Health & Science University's School of Nursing is the only nursing college in Oregon where you'll be able to learn side by side with colleagues studying medicine, pharmacy, physician assisting and public health. The school is known for its culture of collaboration and for its interprofessional educational initiatives. It was ranked among the top 10 graduate nursing programs in the U.S. by "U.S. News & World Report" in 2014.
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